Poet and writer, born in St Petersburg (then Leningrad), Russia. He studied in Russian secondary schools until 1956, wrote poetry, and was sentenced to a Soviet labour camp for his general refusal to conform. He was expelled from Russia (1972) and emigrated to the USA. He taught at many institutions, notably as poet-in-residence at the University of Michigan (1972). He was named Poet Laureate by the Library of Congress (1991), and is known for his translations, critical works, and his realistic and lyrical poetry, as in To Urania (1988).
Information found at: http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9227034