Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Writer, the creator of Sherlock Holmes, born in Edinburgh, EC Scotland, UK. He studied medicine at Edinburgh, but poverty as a medical practitioner made him turn to writing. His first book, A Study in Scarlet (1887), introduced the super-observant, deductive Sherlock Holmes, his good-natured question-raising friend, Dr Watson, and the whole apparatus of detection mythology associated with Baker Street, Holmes's fictitious home. After The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes was serialized in the Strand Magazine (1891–3), the author tired of his popular creation, and tried to kill off his hero, but was compelled in 1903 to revive him. Conan Doyle himself set greater stock by his historical romances, such as The White Company (1890). He served as a physician in the Boer War (1899–1902), and his pamphlet, The War in South Africa (1902), earned him a knighthood (1902). He also wrote on spiritualism, to which he became a convert in later life.
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